There's controversy in climate change research -- not whether climate change exists, but how the evidence is gathered and used to inform predictions. To help bring convergence to the field and potentially accelerate action, a special issue of the Advances in Atmospheric Sciences is highlighting recent scientific work.
Freshwater resources are critical to both human civilization and natural ecosystems, but UBC researchers have discovered that changes to ground vegetation can have as much of an impact on global water resources as climate change.
Researchers have determined what could be considered a 'Goldilocks' climate for rainfall use by plants: not too wet and not too dry. But those landscapes are likely to shrink and become less productive in the future through climate change.
Researchers from Princeton University and NOAA report in the journal Nature Climate Change that extreme cyclones that formed in the Arabian Sea for the first time in 2014 are the result of global warming and will likely increase in frequency. Their model showed that the burning of fossil fuels since 1860 would lead to an increase in the destructive storms in the Arabian Sea by 2015, marking one of the first times that modeled projections have synchronized with real observations of storm activity.
About 40 percent of northern Malaysian Borneo's carbon stocks exist in forests that are not designated for maximum protections, according to new research from the Carnegie Airborne Observatory team. What's more, they discovered that Sabah could double carbon stocks by allowing previously logged forests to regenerate--a process that they estimate would take about a century.
Most volcanoes erupt beneath the ocean, but scientists know little about them compared to what they know about volcanoes that eject their lava on dry land. Gabrielle Tepp of the USGS thinks that with improved monitoring, we can learn more about submarine eruptions, which alter the ocean soundscape. During the 174th ASA meeting, Dec. 4-8, 2017, Tepp will discuss the challenges and benefits of remote monitoring and what it can teach about submarine volcanoes.
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified a common set of genes that enable different drought-resistant plants to survive in semi-arid conditions, which could play a significant role in bioengineering and creating energy crops that are tolerant to water deficits.
From air pollutant emissions to zooplankton productivity - over 30 years of the European Commission's science and knowledge service, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) scientific collaboration with Africa have been compiled in one publication, "Science for the AU-EU Partnership - Building knowledge for sustainable development".
Water presents a problem to cranberry producers. Phosphorus leaves the cranberry farm when water drains from the flooded fields. Researchers are looking into ways to reduce this runoff.
Sea-level rise may impact vast numbers of archaeological and historic sites, cemeteries, and landscapes on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the southeastern United States, according to a study published Nov. 29, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by David Anderson from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA, and colleagues.