Oil produced from biomass can provide a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels. But technological challenges make it difficult to scale up production. A new study from the University of Illinois discusses methods to manage wastewater from biocrude oil production, providing a possible path to commercially viable production.
In 2019, the global population without access to electricity dipped below 1 billion for the first time. This progress has however been uneven, both across and within different regions. A new IIASA study shows that to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern electricity services by 2030 in sub-Saharan Africa, the pace of electrification must more than triple.
Recently, research groups led by Prof. LIU Jian and Prof. WU Zhongshuai from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have developed Fe1-xS-decorated mesoporous carbon spheres as the nanoreactor, which can be applied as lithium-sulfur battery cathode.
Lithium batteries hold a lot of promise for the future of many applications, including electric vehicles, but tend to be prohibitively expensive, according to a team led by Naoaki Yabuuchi, professor at Yokohama National University in Japan. The team has developed a new electrode material to make lithium batteries not only cheaper, but longer lasting with higher energy density. The results were made available online, ahead of print publication, on March 25 in Materials Today.
Scientists are unraveling the properties of electricity-conducting plastics so they can be used in future energy-harvesting devices.
The end of soy as a protein substitute? Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have found a way to make protein powder using fava beans -- a far more climate-friendly alternative.
A Northwestern University research team has designed and synthesized new materials with ultrahigh porosity and surface area for the storage of hydrogen and methane for fuel cell-powered vehicles. The materials, a type of a metal-organic framework (MOF), can store significantly more hydrogen and methane than conventional adsorbent materials at much safer pressures and at much lower costs. A one-gram sample of the material (with a volume of six M&Ms) has a surface area that would cover 1.3 football fields.
A multi-institutional collaboration, co-led by scientists at the University of Cambridge and Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), has identified the source of efficiency-limiting defects in potential materials for next generation solar cells and LEDs.
Dr. Yoon Hana at Korea Institute of Energy Research(KIER), Professor Kim Young-Jin at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology(KAIST) and Professor Kim Seungchul at Pusan National University(PNU) jointly developed 're-attachable micro-supercapacitors(MSCs) using highly swollen laser-induced-graphene electrodes' and their research findings were listed in Chemical Engineering Journal, one of the world-renowned in the field.
Cloud cover is often characterized in simple terms, such as cloudy, partly cloudy or clear. This does not provide accurate information for estimating the amount of sunlight available for solar power plants. In this week's Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, a new method is reported for estimating cloud optical properties using data from recently launched satellites. This new technique is known as Spectral Cloud Optical Property Estimation, or SCOPE.