Relentless negative reporting on economic downturns is impacting on people's emotions and contributing to the suicide rate, according to new research.
Research achievement through an Undergraduate Group Research Program (UGRP) was published on an international scientific journal. Expects to lay a foundation for the development of a new personality test method that can complement the existing psychology test.
The implementation of a massive, statewide public health initiative led by University of Arizona researchers and involving 21,000 prehospital care patients has doubled the survival rate of severe traumatic brain injury victims and tripled the survival rate among those who were intubated.
A surgeon might never feel the need to ask an AI for advice, much less allow it to make a clinical decision for them, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University say. But an AI might guide decisions if it were embedded in the decision-making routines already used by the clinical team, providing AI-generated predictions and evaluations as part of the overall mix of information. It's an approach they call 'Unremarkable AI.'
Humans use imagination a lot, whether it be thinking about what's for dinner later tonight or trying to imagine what someone else on the other side of the world may be experiencing after reading the news. As situations become farther away from reality and more distal, imagining a situation becomes more difficult. The limits to distal imagination are known to lead to many biases. Yet, a Dartmouth College-Princeton University led study finds that creativity may help us surmount these barriers to distal imagination.
Between 2018 and 2040, the number of patients requiring first-line chemotherapy treatment each year is predicted to rise from 9.8 million to 15 million (53%) globally, if there were full application of evidence-based guidelines. This is according to a modelling study published in The Lancet Oncology journal, which is the first study to estimate the scale of chemotherapy provision needed at national, regional, and global scales to respond to this situation.
Escaping the grip of opioid addiction doesn't come easily for anyone. But a new study reveals sharp racial and financial divides in which Americans receive effective treatments for opioid addiction. Those differences have only grown larger as the national opioid crisis has intensified, the research shows. For every appointment where a person of color received a prescription for the addiction-treatment medication called buprenorphine, white patients had thirty-five such appointments from 2012 to 2015.
This study used national survey data to estimate buprenorphine prescription rates to treat opioid use disorder by race/ethnicity and by payment type for office visits, which is how most patients with buprenorphine prescriptions get care. Researchers report buprenorphine office visits increased from 0.04% to 0.36% of ambulatory visits from 2004-2015 and that represented about 13.4 million visits from 2012-2015.
Early childhood is a critical period for establishing healthy eating behaviors, yet many preschoolers in the United States are not meeting dietary recommendations. A new study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, published by Elsevier, found repeated opportunities for children to become familiar with the food without pressure helped them understand the benefits of healthy eating and increased consumption.