Secondary schools in Wales that teach pupils through the medium of Welsh are outperformed by their English-speaking counterparts in maths, reading and science tests, according to a new study by Lancaster University. The average results of pupils attending Welsh-language secondary schools are markedly lower than pupils in English-language schools - despite Welsh-medium school pupils having more books available at home, spending more time on their studies outside of school and fewer qualifying for free school meals.
New research led by Flinders University has found a link between beta-blockers and survival outcomes in some breast cancer patients. Beta-blockers, commonly used to manage cardiovascular disease, were negatively associated with survival outcomes in patients with HER2 (Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2) positive advanced breast cancer, according to a new paper in the Frontiers In Oncology.
Noise can make or break a dining experience, according to a laboratory study replicating common noise levels in restaurants. The acoustic experts say the study proves that high noise levels can play a major part in a dining experience - along with the quality of the food and restaurant service.
A George Mason University study of US veterans found that while social determinants of health - like homelessness, social isolation, or unemployment -- can predict suicide, they are not the cause of it. Mental illness leads to both adverse life events, such as social isolation and suicide, creating the incorrect appearance that adverse events cause suicide. Dr. Farrokh Alemi led the study that suggests the importance of addressing the root cause of suicide and self-harm: mental illness.
As the world awaits a COVID-19 vaccine and confirmed cases exceed 30M, Australian and American behavioural researchers say the key to containment rests in understanding human behaviour and how our personalities may influence better cooperative behaviour for the global good. Some countries are more agreeable and compliant than others.
Clean air, clean water and a functioning ecosystem are considered priceless. Yet accounting for the economic value of nature has large implications for climate policy, a UC Davis study shows.
With the worldwide spike in unemployment caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, many people may turn to volunteerism as a way to pass their newly found free time. But new research suggests that volunteers who also receive government aid are often judged negatively as "wasting time" that could be used to find paid employment.
The percentage of low- and middle-income families with children that had burdensome out-of-pocket health care costs fell following the 2014 implementation of the health insurance marketplaces and Medicaid expansion provisions of the Affordable Care Act, known widely as Obamacare.
A new study published by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University shows extraneous images draw attention from text, reducing comprehension in beginning readers
Socioeconomic inequalities in premature deaths in Canada have increased over the last 25 years, according to new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.191723.