The occurrence of stem end rot (SER) during storage means major losses for mango fruit growers and suppliers. In a recent Phytobiomes journal article, Diskin and colleagues show promising new research that explores sunlight's role in cultivating a beneficial mix of microorganisms that help mitigate SER. The research, discussed through their article titled, 'Microbiome Alterations Are Correlated with Occurrence of Postharvest Stem-End Rot in Mango Fruit,' offers a detailed account of their study.
Three species of non-photosynthetic plants rely mainly on camel crickets to disperse their seeds, according to new research from Project Associate Professor Suetsugu Kenji (Kobe University Graduate School of Science). These findings were published on Nov. 9 in the online edition of New Phytologist.
A team of researchers at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa and the O'ahu Army Natural Resources Program transplanted microbes to restore the health of a critically endangered Hawaiian plant that, until now, had been driven to extinction in the wild and only survived in managed greenhouses under heavy doses of fungicide.
A fungal parasite that infects ants and manipulates their behavior to benefit the fungus' reproduction accomplishes this feat without infecting the ants' brains, according to a study led by Penn State researchers.
The Mediterranean black truffle, one of the world's most expensive ingredients, has been successfully cultivated in the UK, as climate change threatens its native habitat.
Researchers have identified a wild yeast that is more effective at preventing common grape molds than a pesticide, suggesting that it could be an eco-friendly alternative to chemical pesticides. The researchers discovered that wild grapes host a huge array of yeasts that can inhibit common grape molds, while they found a smaller number of effective yeasts on farmed grapes.
Armillaria fungi are among the most devastating fungal pathogens, causing root rot disease in more than 500 plant species found in forests, parks and vineyards. As white rot fungi, they are capable of breaking down all components of plant cell walls, a capability that interests bioenergy researchers. In Nature Ecology & Evolution, an international team analyzed and compared four Armillaria fungal genomes with those of related fungi to better understand the evolution of Armillaria's abilities.
Researchers at the University of California-Riverside (UCR) conducted a novel transdisciplinary study to characterize the microbial communities within the vascular system of grapevines and their connections with Pierce's disease, an economically significant disease of the California grape industry. Through the study, the researchers found potentially beneficial microbes that could one day be used as a deterrent to Xylella fastidiosa, the pathogen that causes Pierce's disease.
A high-fat diet changes fungi in the gut and may play a role in the development of obesity, according to a new study in mSphere, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. While gut microbes have previously been implicated in the development of obesity, this study shows that fungi may also play a role.
Microbiologist Kristen DeAngelis at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, with colleagues elsewhere in New England, report results in the Oct. 6 issue of Science from their study of warming-related soil carbon cycling changes in a New England hardwood forest. Over two and a half decades, the team observed periods of substantial soil carbon loss, punctuated by periods of large changes in microbial communities - an episodic rather than steady pattern of warming-related change.