A common view of human emotions is that they are too idiosyncratic and subjective to be studied scientifically. But as being presented at the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS) virtual meeting today, cognitive neuroscientists are using contemporary, data-driven computational methods to overturn old ideas about the structure of emotions across humanity.
Purdue University technology allows scientists to measure wavefront distortions induced by the specimen, either a cell or a tissue, directly from the signals generated by single molecules -- tiny light sources attached to the cellular structures of interest.
Researchers from DTU have revealed the structure of an enzyme that can convert low-cost sugars into hard-to-produce alpha-GalNAc sugars with therapeutic properties for e.g. cancer drugs.
A new test can detect glaucoma progression 18 months earlier than the current gold standard method, according to results from a UCL-sponsored clinical trial.
Researchers at Nagoya University have discovered a neural circuit that drives physical responses to emotional stress. Emotional stress signals are processed in the "emotion" circuits and integrated in the DP/DTT. The integrated signals are transmitted to the hypothalamus which then drives a variety of physical responses through circuits that control "body" functions. The discovered "mind-body" connection constitutes a key part of the stress circuit in the brain.
A group of researchers from University of Toronto Engineering and SickKids Hospital have developed a new way to deliver molecules that target specific genes within cells. Their platform has been shown to down-regulate critical genes in cancer cells, and could be used for other genetic diseases as well.
A team of researchers has developed a portable, more environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen peroxide. It could enable hospitals to make their own supply of the disinfectant on demand and at lower cost.
In regenerative medicine, an ideal treatment for patients whose muscles are damaged from lack of oxygen would be to invigorate them with an injection of their own stem cells. Illinois researchers demonstrated that 'nanostimulators' - -nanoparticles seeded with a molecule the body naturally produces to prompt stem cells to heal wounds -- can amp up stem cells' regenerative powers in a targeted limb in mice.
A new class of self-forming membrane has been developed by researchers from Newcastle University, UK. Capturing the carbon dioxide which can then be processed, the membrane dramatically reduced the demand for silver and the cost.
Rice University researchers have discovered a hidden symmetry in the chemical kinetic equations scientists have long used to model and study many of the chemical processes essential for life.