Researchers at HSE University have identified the genes that play a crucial role in breast cancer metastasis. The results of the study were published in the journal PLOS ONE (https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0249424).
A new dual bug killer is one of the thinnest antimicrobial coatings to date. The coating works by tearing bacteria and fungal cells apart, offering a smart solution to the twin global health threats of drug-resistant bacterial and fungal infections.
What The Study Did: Researchers estimated the risk of suicide among nurses and physicians compared to the general population in the United States.
Water can freeze from liquid to solid ice or boil into a gas. In the kitchen these "phase transitions" aren't smooth, but their discontinuous nature is smoothed out at high pressure. An international team of physicists led by EPFL has now discovered the same behavior in certain quantum magnets, which may have consequences for the technology of qubits.
Scientists from the Skoltech Space Center (SSC) have developed nanosatellite interaction algorithms for scientific measurements using a tetrahedral orbital formation of CubeSats that exchange data and apply interpolation algorithms to create local maps of physical measurements in real time. The study presents an example of geomagnetic field measurement, which shows that these data can be used by other satellites for attitude control and, therefore, provided on a data-as-a-service basis.
Light can be used to operate quantum information processing systems, e.g. quantum computers, quickly and efficiently. Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Chimie ParisTech/CNRS have now significantly advanced the development of molecule-based materials suitable for use as light-addressable fundamental quantum units. As they report in the journal Nature Communications, they have demonstrated for the first time the possibility of addressing nuclear spin levels of a molecular complex of europium(III) rare-earth ions with light.
Researchers discovered a new fluorescent probe that can discriminate B lymphocytes over T lymphocytes without the cell receptor targetting antibodies.
Gallium nitride (GaN) semiconductors are considered to be a future alternative to silicon, not least due to their superior performance in fast switching applications. However, unwanted impurities in GaN crystals can degrade their switching performance. In a new study, scientists from Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan explore the mechanism behind the impact of carbon impurities on the charge carriers of GaN, paving the way for impurity control strategies in GaN crystal growth.
Researchers have answered key questions to help prevent damage and improve the safety of hydraulic systems used for pipelines, water turbines and other applications.
What can vaccine proponents, clinicians and public health communicators learn from "anti-vaxxers?" A lot, according to new guidance for pro-vaccination social media events written by University of Pittsburgh health scientists. The five-part guidelines, published today in the journal Vaccine, arose from an analysis of a grassroots pro-vaccination campaign, #DoctorsSpeakUp, organized last year. Unexpectedly, more than three-quarters of the tweets associated with the event were opposing vaccination, researchers found.