A reasearcher from James Cook University in Queensland has been investigating why Australians are among the top users of illegal drugs in the world -- and has uncovered some revealing new facts about the motivations of recreational drug users.
Chronic sleep deprivation -- which can involve staying up late, and waking up early for work or school -- has become a way of life for both kids and adults, especially with the increasing use of phones and tablets late into the night. But this social jet lag poses some serious health and mental health risks: new research finds that for teenagers, even a short period of sleep restriction could, over the long-term, raise their risk for depression and addiction.
Researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and the University of Pittsburgh used a simulated patient encounter describing a man in his late 70's with metastatic cancer to study the decision-making process of 73 hospital-based physicians at three major academic mental centers. The researchers found that the mental model of doctors who provided treatment that wasn't aligned with the critically and terminally ill older patients' preferences differed in three key ways.
Adults who lived high-stress childhoods have trouble reading the signs that a loss or punishment is looming, leaving themselves in situations that risk avoidable health and financial problems and legal trouble. According to researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, this difficulty may be biological, stemming from an unhelpful lack of activity in the brain when a situation should be prompting heightened awareness. And that discovery may help train at-risk young people to be better at avoiding risk.
Just four months in prison can negatively affects a person's cognitive abilities and impulse control, according to findings from two University of Pennsylvania researchers. The good news is that a combination of mindfulness training and cognitive behavioral therapy can help undo some of jail time's undesirable consequences.
A new study shows that when consumers believe that a company is harmful in some way, then they feel justified participating in illegal activities, such as shoplifting, piracy or hacking to harm the company.
A new study shows that an individual's social class influences his or her response to poor service. This is because lower class individuals are more likely to have a holistic view of thinking, while higher class individuals more often have an analytical thinking pattern.
It's good to be humble when you're the boss -- as long as that's what your employees expect. Researchers studying workplaces in China found that some real-life teams showed more creativity if the employees rated their bosses as showing more humility.
When assessing total compensation for a victim, the presence of a small economic loss 'crowds out' the presence of an emotional loss, according to new research from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business Professor Christopher Hsee and PhD candidate Shirley Zhang.
Study published in Nature's Scientific Reports journal reveals for the first time the brain functioning involved in altruistic motivation among soccer fans - a 'natural group' that shows strong bonds in real-life settings. The functional MRI study sheds light into the neural basis of prosocial behaviour of ingroup attachment.