Adolescent girls who self-injure feel that they receive more negative feedback than they actually receive, and are more sensitive to 'thumbs down' responses, compared to other adolescent girls. These are the findings presented by Irene Perini, researcher at Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience (CSAN) at Linköping University, in a recently published article.
Work-life balance and its association with life satisfaction have been garnering a lot of interest. Life satisfaction plays a crucial role in the general happiness and health of a society or nation. A new study examines data from 34 Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries and analyzes the effects of factors on the life satisfaction of both women and men to address some unanswered questions on this topic.
Apathy is the most common neuropsychiatric symptom of dementia, with a bigger impact on function than memory loss -- yet it is under-researched and often forgotten in care.
Is the brain capable of distinguishing a voice from phonemes? Researchers (UNIGE) devised pseudo-words spoken by three voices. Their aim? To observe how the brain processes this information when it focuses either on the voice or phonemes. The scientists discovered that the auditory cortex amplifies different aspects of the sounds, depending on what task is being performed. Voice-specific information is prioritised for voice differentiation, while phoneme-specific information is important for the differentiation of speech sounds.
New research led by George Mason University's College of Health and Human Services found that undocumented Latina immigrants met the threshold for post-traumatic stress disorder diagnosis at nearly four times (34%) the rate of civilian women in America as a whole (9.7%). Furthermore, researchers found that a longer length of residency in the United States did not reduce Latina immigrants' trauma symptoms.
Sorry, marijuana moms and dads: Using pot may not make you a more relaxed parent, at least when it comes to how you discipline your children. A study of California parents found that current marijuana users administered more discipline techniques of all kinds to their children on average than did non-users. That includes everything from timeouts to, in some cases, physical abuse.
Researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health report almost no change in nonmedical prescription opioid use or opioid use disorder after states enacted medical marijuana laws. Overall, opioid use disorder among prescription opioid users decreased slightly after passage of the laws. Until this study, there had been little research on medical marijuana laws' effects on the use of other substances (i.e., alcohol, opioids) -- particularly, prescription opioid use misuse, and opioid use disorder.
Learning several new things at once increases cognitive abilities in older adults, according to new research from UC Riverside. After just 1.5 months learning multiple tasks in a UCR study, participants increased their cognitive abilities to levels similar to those of middle-aged adults, 30 years younger. Control group members, who did not take classes, showed no change in their performance.
A survey analysis suggests that, between 2016 and 2018, the relationship between workplace sexual harassment and women's negative self-views weakened. Ksenia Keplinger and colleagues at the Leeds School of Business at the University of Colorado Boulder, US, present these findings in the open access journal PLOS ONE on July 17, 2019.
A national study by UC Davis Health researchers finds differences in the decisions to admit or transfer children with mental health emergencies based on the patients' insurance type. Children without insurance are more likely to be transferred to another hospital than those with insurance.