Kessler Foundation researchers compared two neuropsychological tests for assessing learning in individuals with multiple sclerosis. 'Comparing the Open Trial - Selective Reminding Test results with the California Learning Verbal Test II in Multiple Sclerosis' was published online on April 4, 2018, in Applied Neuropsychology: Adult. This is the first study to compare the two tests in the same individuals with MS.
Researchers have developed new technology for decoding neuromuscular signals to control powered, prosthetic wrists and hands. The work relies on computer models that closely mimic the behavior of the natural structures in the forearm, wrist and hand. The technology could also be used to develop new computer interface devices for applications such as gaming and computer-aided design.
'Our research shows that patients with frontal cortical lesions may benefit from prism adaptation treatment for spatial neglect,' said Dr. AM Barrett. 'Early identification of patients with hemiparesis and frontal lesions could reduce the substantial costs of stroke care and improve public health. Because spatial neglect often goes undetected, this is a major challenge. Meeting that challenge requires educating stroke professionals about targeted prism treatment, and conducting further research on a larger scale.'
For patients with chronic conditions like arthritis or diabetes, arguments with a spouse may have physical repercussions, according to researchers. They found that in two groups of older individuals -- one group with arthritis and one with diabetes -- the patients who felt more tension with their spouse also reported worse symptoms on those days.
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are seen as a potential means by which severely physically impaired individuals can regain control of their environment, but establishing such an interface is not trivial. A study publishing May 10 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, by a group of researchers at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in Geneva, Switzerland, suggests the most dramatic improvements in computer-augmented performance are likely to occur when both human and machine are allowed to learn.
Researchers developed a toolkit to address the menstruation-related needs of girls and women fleeing disaster or conflict. A pilot test of the toolkit gathered feedback from humanitarian experts and displaced girls and women in refugee camps in Tanzania. Findings showed there remains a lack of effective, coordinated approaches for assisting vulnerable groups to manage their menstruation in challenging settings around the world, and that menstrual management needs of girls and women in transit, are particularly overlooked.
By federal law passed in 1975, children with intellectual disabilities are supposed to spend as much time as possible in general education classrooms. But a new study suggests that progress toward that goal has stalled.
Jason Travers of the University of Kansas found in an analysis that minorities were widely underrepreseted in autism identifications in 2014. The levels vary by state, but run counter to the claim that minorities are overrepresented in all areas of special education and show that many students of color are not getting services that could be beneficial.
A UCLA-led team of scientists reports that six people with severe spinal cord injuries -- three of them completely paralyzed -- have regained use of their hands and fingers for the first time in years after undergoing a nonsurgical, noninvasive spinal stimulation procedure the researchers developed.
Using new technologies to track how vision guides foot placement, researchers at the University of Texas at Austin come one step closer in determining what is going on in the brain while we walk, paving the way for better treatment for mobility impairments -- strokes, aging and Parkinson's -- and technology development -- prosthetics and robots.