When 18-year-old youths transition out of children's homes, what crimes do they commit? How often? Does it get worse over time? These juveniles move into an uncertain world, highly vulnerable, and with little social capital. They are generally viewed as at risk for criminal activities, supported by limited research globally. An unusual, small 6-year longitudinal study in South Africa sheds light on the under-researched lives of juvenile care leavers.
Infants from rural families tend to display negative emotions such as anger and frustration more frequently than their urban counterparts, according to a recent study in the Journal of Community Psychology. Babies born in big cities, on the other hand, typically are less fussy and not as bothered by limits set by their caregivers.
Many babies cry or show other signs of distress when a parent departs and they are left behind with a stranger. But secure babies are soothed when the parent returns. That, however, is not the case with babies classified with insecure-resistant attachments, as shown in a new University of Miami study of infants who are at high risk for developing autism.
A new study by psychologists from the University of Jena (Germany) does not confirm that robot skepticism among elder people is often suspected in science. 'In the tests, the older participants made a clearly positive assessment of the machines - and were even more open-minded towards them than the younger comparison group,' says Prof. Stefan Schweinberger of the University of Jena. The decisive factor for the acceptance of robots was how human the machines were designed.
Premature birth, low birth weight, and neonatal intensive care are associated with the risk of being diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD). The disorder causes problems in emotional bonding, social interaction, and expression of emotions, and it can lead to severe and expensive consequences later in life. The disorder will impair child's social interactions and it is connected with later child protection issues, psychiatric and substance use disorders, and social exclusion.
Two weeks of 20 minutes less time per day on Facebook: a team of psychologists from Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) invited 140 test persons to participate in this experiment. Lucky those who took part: afterwards they were more physically active, smoked less and were more satisfied. Symptoms of addiction regarding Facebook usage decreased. These effects continued also three months after the end of the experiment.
Earlier research purported to show links between a woman's cycle and how attracted she was to men's behavior. Research at the University of Göttingen questions this. It showed shifts in women's cycles did not affect their preferences for men's behavior. Researchers found, however, that when fertile, women found all men slightly more attractive. Irrespective of their cycle, flirtier men were evaluated as more attractive for sexual relationships but less for long-term relationships. Results appeared in Psychological Science.
Researchers from Michigan State University are the first to pinpoint social factors that can reduce these stressors and improve health for LGBT people.
Employees over 50 can feel excluded and demotivated in the workplace for various reasons. They feel particularly excluded when they believe that their cognitive abilities decrease with age, as psychologists from the University of Basel report in the journal 'Work, Aging, and Retirement'.
Researchers have found that the #Fitspiration philosophy is flawed, making many women feel worse about themselves and their bodies rather than inspiring them to exercise.