Surveys from nearly 7,000 resident surgeons were used to evaluate how common racial/ethnic discrimination is in US general surgery programs and how it's associated with burnout, thoughts of quitting and suicide.
Researchers examined changes in the use of mental health and human services among children in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, following the unexpected death of a parent because of an opioid-related overdose between 2002 and 2017.
Personal protection is often cited as a reason for owning a firearm. Researchers in this study looked at 647 firearm deaths that occurred in homes in King County, Washington, from 2011 to 2018 and whether they were indicated as suicide, criminal homicide, self-defense homicide, unintentional or undetermined.
This case series describes clinical characteristics of patients who died of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China.
A new paper, ;COVID-19 in Humanitarian Settings and Lessons Learned from Past Epidemics' published in Nature Medicine, invokes a global response to protect the most vulnerable during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin are being used to treat and prevent COVID-19 despite weak evidence for effectiveness, and physicians and patients should be aware of the drugs' potentially serious adverse events, states a review in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
A national modelling paper predicting the number of available ICU beds across Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic suggests that self-isolation will likely not be enough to keep demand from exceeding supply. It is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
A new modelling paper, using data from Ontario, indicates that dynamic physical distancing and other measures could help maintain health system capacity and prevent intensive care units (ICUs) from becoming overwhelmed because of COVID-19, while allowing periodic psychological and economic breaks from restrictions. The paper is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
In a Psycho-Oncology study of adults in China with lung cancer, patients who knew of their cancer diagnosis generally survived longer than those who did not.
Metformin is the most commonly prescribed noninsulin medication for type 2 diabetes and this observational study examined postoperative death and hospital readmission among adults with type 2 diabetes who had a prescription for metformin before major surgery with those who didn't.