A new WCS-led study reveals that mountain-dwelling species fleeing warming temperatures by retreating to higher elevations may find refuge from reduced human pressure.
History holds valuable lessons -- and stark warnings -- about how to manage fisheries and other ocean resources, a new study says.
Through the assessment of the 1,062 MPAs in the Mediterranean Sea, covering 6% of the Mediterranean Basin, a research team has shown that 95% of the total area protected lacks regulations to reduce human impacts on biodiversity. Unevenly distributed across political boundaries and eco-regions, effective levels of protection for biodiversity conservation represent only 0.23% of the Mediterranean Basin. This study shows that current efforts are insufficient at managing human uses of nature at sea.
When the tree fell that October in 2015, the tropical giant didn't go down alone. Hundreds of neighboring trees went with it, opening a massive 2.5-acre gap in the Panamanian rainforest. Treefalls happen all the time, but this one just happened to occur in the exact spot where a decades-long ecological study was in progress, giving University of Illinois researchers a rare look into tropical forest dynamics.
The abundance of large orb web spiders in the Swiss midland has declined drastically over the last 40 years. The main reason for this is the shrinking food supply available to these insectivorous animals. This is demonstrated in a study conducted by researchers from the University of Basel and Ghent University (Belgium), as reported in the scientific journal Insects.
Scientists compared the different kinds of coronaviruses living in 36 bat species from the western Indian Ocean and nearby areas of Africa. They found that different groups of bats have their own unique strains of coronavirus, revealing that bats and coronaviruses have been evolving together for millions of years. Developing a better understanding of how coronaviruses evolved can help us create better public health programs for the future.
An international team of evolutionary biologists and paleontologists have reconstructed the evolution of the avian brain using a massive dataset of brain volumes from dinosaurs, extinct birds like Archaeopteryx and the great auk, and modern birds.
A worldwide compilation of insect abundance studies shows the number of land-dwelling insects is in decline. On average, there is a global decrease of 0.92% per year, which translates to approximately 24% over 30 years. At the same time, the number of insects living in freshwater has increased on average by 1.08% each year. Local trends are highly variable. These are results from the largest study of insect change to date, now published in Science.
New findings about some previously known, but also other yet to be identified species of Old World Leaf-nosed bats provide the first contribution to a special research collection, whose task is to help scientists from across disciplines to better understand potential hosts and vectors of diseases like the Coronavirus. The article, publicly available in the peer-reviewed scholarly journal ZooKeys, also pilots a new generation of linked open data publishing practices, invented to facilitate scientific collaboration.
Researchers just discovered at least four new species of African leaf-nosed bats -- cousins of the horseshoe bats that served as hosts of the virus behind COVID-19. Bats play a big role in our lives--they pollinate crops, eat disease-carrying bugs, and carry diseases themselves -- but we know very little about them. The more we know about bats, the better able we're to protect them and defend ourselves against diseases that they can spread.