A research team studying MRI scans of school-age children's brains found unique patterns of neural communication involving the amygdala, the area of the brain responsible for processing social information. In children with ASDs, the amygdala connections with other parts of the brain proved to be weaker with some regions -- and stronger with others -- when compared with typically developing children of the same age.
Upon implementing electronic medical record-based interventions, Boston Medical Center reduced unnecessary diagnostic testing and increased the use of postoperative order sets.
Scientists have discovered a neural mechanism for making rapid, fine adjustments in precise motor activity. The brain's premotor cortex may use a 'neural scratch pad' between it and the primary motor cortex to calculate fine adjustments in reaching plans.
'Exercise is a low-cost, non-invasive modality,' noted Dr. John DeLuca, 'so we are very interested in learning more about how activity results in these improvements. Rethinking how we view exercise in the long-term management of MS and other neurological conditions is our first step. We anticipate that the PRIMERS framework will accelerate advances in treatment by integrating the contributions from neuroscience, neurophysiology, and neurorehabilitation."
A simple test taken within a week of a stroke may help predict how well people will have recovered up to three years later, according to a study published in the Oct. 17, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
A new Hastings Center Special Report calls on bioethics to 'broaden its lens' to improve the experience of aging and tackle problems of injustice affecting older adults and caregivers.
'Recent advances in neuroimaging have greatly improved our understanding of the involvement of the hippocampus in MS,' said John DeLuca, PhD, at Kessler Foundation. 'Now we are aware of subregions with different levels of susceptibility to damage, for example, and the potential for hippocampal plasticity and neurogenesis. The challenge is to correlate these findings with clinical manifestations and renew our efforts toward improving outcomes for the population with MS.'
'Employment outcomes were most strongly related to the economic conditions and physical environment; the policy environment was less of an influence,' noted John O'Neill, Ph.D., director of disability and employment research at Kessler Foundation. 'None of these factors, were as strongly related as individual health and personal characteristics, which is why all of these factors need to be weighed and considered in order to find effective ways to improve employment outcomes for people with disabilities.'
For children born with Saul-Wilson syndrome, and their parents, much of their lives are spent searching for answers. First defined in 1990, only 14 cases are known worldwide. Today, these individuals have answers. A study published today in the American Journal of Human Genetics, has uncovered the cause of Saul-Wilson syndrome.
'Among individuals who died, we found significantly poorer performance on all measures,' noted co-author Erica Weber, PhD, of Kessler Foundation. 'Most significant was the difference in FIM Motor scores, which points to independence in mobility as an important factor in survival. Another big difference was in community participation. By identifying modifiable risk factors, we can develop strategies for prevention and early intervention, which will reduce the risk of death and improve the lives of individuals and caregivers,' concluded Dr. Weber.