For obese and overweight patients, it is common for various surgical procedures to be deferred until they have lost weight through diet and exercise.
A simple test taken within a week of a stroke may help predict how well people will have recovered up to three years later, according to a study published in the Oct. 17, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
A new Hastings Center Special Report calls on bioethics to 'broaden its lens' to improve the experience of aging and tackle problems of injustice affecting older adults and caregivers.
'Recent advances in neuroimaging have greatly improved our understanding of the involvement of the hippocampus in MS,' said John DeLuca, PhD, at Kessler Foundation. 'Now we are aware of subregions with different levels of susceptibility to damage, for example, and the potential for hippocampal plasticity and neurogenesis. The challenge is to correlate these findings with clinical manifestations and renew our efforts toward improving outcomes for the population with MS.'
For adults over age 65, surgical complications can dampen not only their physical health but also their mental sharpness, with more than half of high-risk cases declining into delirium. New Duke University research shows a current treatment for seizures can also reverse brain inflammation, such as inflammation after surgery, and the subsequent confusion or cognitive decline that results.
'Employment outcomes were most strongly related to the economic conditions and physical environment; the policy environment was less of an influence,' noted John O'Neill, Ph.D., director of disability and employment research at Kessler Foundation. 'None of these factors, were as strongly related as individual health and personal characteristics, which is why all of these factors need to be weighed and considered in order to find effective ways to improve employment outcomes for people with disabilities.'
Individual arm movements are represented by neural activity in both the left and right hemispheres of the brain, according to a study of epilepsy patients published in JNeurosci. This finding suggests the unaffected hemisphere in stroke could be harnessed to restore limb function on the same side of the body by controlling a brain-computer interface.
For children born with Saul-Wilson syndrome, and their parents, much of their lives are spent searching for answers. First defined in 1990, only 14 cases are known worldwide. Today, these individuals have answers. A study published today in the American Journal of Human Genetics, has uncovered the cause of Saul-Wilson syndrome.
Following surgery, some patients experience a broken bone around the implants of a total hip replacement--called a periprosthetic femoral fracture.
In an analysis of 112 records from 30 physical therapy (PT) sites regarding care for patients who had undergone total knee replacement (TKR) surgery, investigators found that the content and amount of specific exercises varied widely.