A seemingly harmless concussion can cause the loss of a job -- especially for patients who are in their thirties and for those with a higher education. According to a large new study, these patients have a much higher risk of being without regular employment five year after the incident.
In a meta-analysis of real-life experiments drawn from food science, nutrition, health economics, marketing and psychology, the authors find that behavioral nudges -- facilitating action rather than providing knowledge or inducing feelings -- can reduce daily energy intake by up to 209 kcal, the same number of calories as in 21 cubes of sugar.
The exclusion of patients with kidney diseases from clinical trials remains an unsolved problem that hinders optimal care of these patients. Over 850 million people suffer from kidney diseases worldwide, a number which signifies epidemic proportions, yet these patients are still ignored by investigators and initiators of clinical trials in all medical fields -- and are thus excluded from clinical trials. ASN, ERA-EDTA and ISN, collaboratively aim to bring about a paradigm change in medical research and have launched an information campaign to that end.
How can a protein be a major contributor in the development of birth defects, and also hold the potential to provide symptom relief from autoimmune diseases like lupus? In a new paper published in Nature Communications, Zhu and his colleagues are helping to answer this question and uncover the mechanisms that will lead to multi-faceted prevention and treatment.
Recent research suggests that the psychological consequences of being in a disadvantaged position in society may stimulate appetite and increase eating regardless of one's ability to access healthier foods.
Prof. Brice Felden and his team at the Inserm and Université de Rennes 1 'Bacterial Regulatory RNAs and Medicine' joint laboratory (U1230) has developed two new antibiotics that do not trigger resistance when they are used to treat infection in mice. This French advance could bring both fresh impetus and new possibilities for fighting antibiotic resistance worldwide.
A study of more than 300,000 people has found that exposure to outdoor air pollution is linked to decreased lung function and an increased risk of developing COPD. Lung function normally declines as we age, but the new research published today in the European Respiratory Journal suggests that air pollution may contribute to the ageing process and adds to the evidence that breathing in polluted air harms the lungs.
Quitting alcohol may improve health-related quality of life for women, especially their mental well-being, according to a study from Hong Kong published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
A USC study in the July 8, 2019 issue of JAMA Pediatrics shows that teens who use prescription opioids to get high are more likely to start using heroin by high school graduation.
A new evidence review suggests that few nutritional supplements or dietary interventions offer any protection against cardiovascular disease or death, and some may actually cause harm. Findings from a meta-analysis are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.