Musical training produces lasting improvements to a cognitive mechanism that helps individuals be more attentive and less likely to be distracted by irrelevant stimuli while performing demanding tasks.
A simple video recording of an infant lying in bed can be analyzed with artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to extract quantitative information useful for assessing the child's development as well as the efficacy of ongoing therapy.
Using rapid short-pulse sequences of ultrasound helps drugs reach the brains of mice, according to new research.
Researchers with The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have identified a metabolic process in the heart that, if treated, could someday prevent or slow the progression of heart failure.
A synthetic peptide appears to directly disrupt the destructive inflammation that occurs in nephritis, enabling the kidneys to better recover and maintain their important functions, investigators report.
Ryerson University Physicist Dr. Michael Kolios, his former graduate student Dr. Michael Moore, and collaborator zebrafish model expert Dr. Xiao-Yan Wen developed a new mode of photoacoustic imaging called F-mode. This new mode selectively enhances photoacoustic image features based on the size of the object and the sounds it produces.
A new article explores the pathophysiological factors that link sleep disturbances and Alzheimer's disease. Better understanding of this connection may lead to potential diagnostics and therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease, and other neurodegenerative diseases and dementia. The article is published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology (JNP).
A UCLA-led study confirms what women approaching menopause have long suspected: menopause does make fat go up. The study finds that women undergoing perimenopause lost lean body mass and more than doubled their fat mass. The research demonstrates that body mass index (BMI) is a very important clinical tool for predicting health events, such as getting diabetes or having cardiovascular disease -- but is a less useful gauge of cardio-metabolic risk in older women.
Seychelles warblers live and breed in family groups on the tiny island of Cousin. In each group, a dominant female and male reproduce. When helpers assist the with incubation and feeding of chicks, the dominant female breeders age more slowly and live longer, a study by biologists from the University of Groningen and colleagues shows. The results indicate how cooperative breeding -- which also occurs in other species, including humans -- can increase life span.
The dramatic difference in gonad size between honey bee queens and their female workers in response to their distinct diets requires the switching on of a specific genetic program, according to a new study publishing March 21 in open-access journal PLOS Biology by Annika Roth and Martin Beye of Heinrich-Heine University in Dusseldorf and colleagues. The finding may aid analysis of the interplay of genes and nutrition that drive caste dimorphism in honey bees.