A major new study has shown that rotavirus vaccination reduced infant diarrhea deaths by 34 percent in rural Malawi, a region with high levels of child deaths. The study led by scientists at the University of Liverpool, UCL, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and partners in Malawi provides the first population-level evidence from a low-income country that rotavirus vaccination saves lives.
A quality-improvement project to standardize feeding practices for micro preemies helped to boost their weight and nearly quadrupled the frequency of lactation consultations ordered in the neonatal intensive care unit, a multidisciplinary team from Children's National Health System finds.
Is breastfeeding really better? The intense debate on this question has been going on for decades -- and is often controversial and emotionally discussed. Breastfeeding is more than just babies' nutrition. It is associated with physical and psychological changes in both mother and child. The challenge for research is to determine the different effects of breastfeeding for mothers and babies. The new 'special issue' provides a scientific overview of the topic 'breastfeeding in Germany.'
Women who developed type 1 diabetes before the age of ten years die an average of nearly 18 years earlier than women who do not have diabetes. Men in the corresponding situation lose almost 14 years of life. The lives of patients diagnosed at age 26-30 years are shortened by an average of 10 years, according to research published in the British medical journal the Lancet.
Adolescents make up more than a quarter of the population in developing countries, but only 1.6 percent of global development assistance for health from 2003-2016 went to adolescent health.
Adolescent health programs across the developing world receive only a tiny share of international aid, even though young people make up 30 percent of the population of low-income countries.
Ashleigh Schaffer, Ph.D., assistant professor of genetics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, and a team of global genetics experts have discovered a genetic mutation and the faulty development process it triggers, causing a debilitating brain-based disorder in children.
In the first study of its kind, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators have found that more than half of pediatric central nervous system tumor survivors do not achieve complete independence as adults. Investigators looked at six aspects of independence in more than 300 survivors, including employment, independent living, marital status, assistance with routine or personal care needs, and the ability to drive.
In a new study, Johns Hopkins researchers found that fewer than half of interviewed caregivers for Baltimore preschool children with asthma were prepared to administer medication for routine management or emergency response to a child's chronic condition.
Scientists identify a safe drug that for the first time could treat -- and possibly reverse -- the thickening of lung artery walls in pulmonary arterial hypertension; clinical trial is expected in 2019.