Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found higher blood pressure and pesticide exposures in children associated with a heightened pesticide spraying period around the Mother's Day flower harvest. This study involved boys and girls living near flower crops in Ecuador.
A new study published in Biological Psychiatry shows that infants who are later diagnosed with autism react adequately when others initiate joint attention, but seldom actively seek to establish such episodes themselves. This finding provides support for the view that children with autism have reduced social motivation already as infants.
Nearly five million people are bitten by dogs each year in the United States, and children are at a much higher risk than adults. Dog bites can cause significant psychological and physical damage, and bites to the face often require reconstructive surgery to repair injuries ranging from nerve damage to tissue loss. While certain breeds are known to bite more frequently or cause more severe injuries, a new study finds the breed was unknown in about 60% of dog bite cases.
Opioid use by parents was associated with increased risk of suicide attempt by their children in a study that linked medical claims for opioid prescriptions for parents with medical claims for suicide attempts by their children. This observational study included 184,000 children whose parents used opioids and about 148,000 children whose parents didn't.
New research in The Journal of Physiology found a possible explanation for the benefits of maternal exercise on fetal development, in obese mothers: it's down to improved placental function, which prevents the fetus from growing too big, and also better metabolism in the mothers.
An analysis of 117 cancer drugs approved by the US FDA over a 20-year period finds the drugs took a median of 6.5 years to go from the first clinical trial in adults to the first trial in children. 'As a doctor taking care of young cancer patients, this is tremendously frustrating,' says lead researcher Steven DuBois, M.D. 'If I were a parent of a child with cancer, I wouldn't stand for this.'
This study examined cholesterol levels in children and adolescents in the US from 1999 to 2016. Using nationally representative survey data for 26,000 young people (ages 6 to 19), the authors report favorable changes in cholesterol.
Improved air quality in the Los Angeles region is linked to roughly 20% fewer new asthma cases in children, according to a landmark USC study that tracked Southern California children over a 20-year period.
Cholesterol levels in US youth have improved from 1999 to 2016, but only half of children and adolescents are in the ideal range and 25% are in the clinically high range, according to a study published in JAMA, led by Amanda Marma Perak, M.D. M.S., cardiologist at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago.
The International Pediatric MS Study Group -- a group of care providers and researchers looking to optimize worldwide care, education and research in pediatric multiple sclerosis -- was convened with sponsorship by the National MS Society and the MS Society of Canada. Stemming from this meeting and subsequent review by members, the group updated its recommendations on conducting clinical trials in children and adolescents with MS. The team reports these updated recommendations in the journal Neurology.