There is a dearth of scientifically investigated, evidence-based interventions to address substance use, mental health problems and violence victimization in sexual and gender minority youth, according to a research review. After poring over thousands of research publications spanning nearly two decades, the scientists identified only nine studies that evaluated such interventions and most of these used suboptimal study designs, thereby limiting the validity of the findings. None of the programs would be sufficient to mitigate the substantial population-level inequities faced by LGBTQ youth.
Four in 10 parents say they are very or somewhat likely to move their child to a different provider if their doctor sees families who refuse all childhood vaccines, according to a new national poll.
There are no guideliInnes on whether a noninvasive method of measuring carbon dioxide from patients' exhalations, known as end-tidal capnography, is as effective as drawing blood through a child's artery. This study published in JAMA found that measuring the carbon dioxide level through an artery is still the most accurate diagnostic for pediatric brain trauma.
After medical marijuana became legal in Massachusetts, cannabis-related poison control calls involving the commonwealth's children and teenagers doubled, according to a public health investigation led by University of Massachusetts Amherst injury prevention researcher Jennifer Whitehill.
Parents and teens find it difficult to talk about sex and alcohol, and this study finds that doctors can help. This randomized clinical trial evaluated whether interventions targeted at parents in primary care pediatric settings might improve communications between parents and their teens about sexual health and alcohol use.
Rates of marijuana exposure cases in children and teens reported to a poison control center increased after Massachusetts legalized medical marijuana in 2012. From 2009 to 2016, there were 218 cannabis-related calls (a small portion of the calls to the poison center) about exposure in children and teens to age 19, with most of the calls coming from health care facilities. Teens ages 15 to 19 were involved in the highest number of cases followed by children to age 4.
Modern science and data sharing converged to underpin a study led by TGen that identified a gene associated with a rare condition that results in physical and intellectual disabilities of children. The results, published today in the American Journal of Human Genetics, suggest that rare variants in the gene DDX6 are associated with a significant disruption in the development of the central nervous system, governing such basic skills as the ability to walk and talk.
QUT early childhood researchers develop fun rhythm and movement program to support young children's brains.
Mothers who drink moderate to high levels of alcohol during pregnancy may be changing their babies' DNA, according to a Rutgers-led study.
BioIVT announced that researchers in its Transporter Sciences Group have co-authored a peer-reviewed paper, which investigates the inhibitory effects of a class of HIV drugs known as integrase inhibitors on folate transporter pathways. Previously published studies had appeared to show a correlation between exposure to dolutegravir, and other HIV integrase inhibitor drugs, at conception and an increased risk of neural-tube defects, which can cause conditions such as spina bifida in infants.