Eye-opening research by neurosurgeons from Barrow Neurological Institute and Montreal Neurological Institute has produced the foremost investigation of the origin and evolution of perhaps the most famous concept devised in neurobiology--the homunculus of neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield.
The discovery of how a 'beam' in human bone material handles a lifetime's worth of wear and tear could translate to the development of 3D-printed lightweight materials that last long enough for more practical use in buildings, aircraft and other structures.
Experts at a prestigious medical conference hosted by the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) and funded by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH's) National Institute on Aging (NIA) hope their work -- reported this week in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (JAGS) -- can help yield hard evidence to address the range of 'soft tissue' and bone disorders that contribute to falls, fractures, and muscle loss as we age.
Successful weight loss approaches in older adults with obesity can unfortunately lead to bone loss and an increased risk of fractures. A recent Journal of Bone and Mineral Research study examined which forms of exercise might help reduce such bone loss.
SUTD together with the University of Miyazaki developed a novel methodology to provide non-invasive analysis of meniscal implants.
New research finds that the amount of physiotherapy available following hip and knee replacements comes down to a 'postcode lottery.' Those living in London and the North of England are more likely to receive physiotherapy, patients in the South West are the least likely to receive physiotherapy. The research also reveals other factors impacting whether patients receive physiotherapy -- including how old the patient is (younger patients more likely to), gender (females more likely to) and ethnicity (non-whites more likely to).
Although much is known about the important role of vitamin D in bone metabolism and in certain areas of non-skeletal health, there are many open questions and topics of debate. This special issue of Calcified Tissue International features seven state-of-the-art expert reviews which provide insights into current consensus and new directions of research in a wide range of topics -- including vitamin D's role in maternal health, rheumatoid arthritis, respiratory disease, and muscle.
Oregon State University research has provided the first complete, cellular-level look at what's going on in joints afflicted by osteoarthritis, a debilitating and costly condition that affects nearly one-quarter of adults in the United States.
The buildup of scar tissue makes recovery from torn rotator cuffs, jumper's knee, and other tendon injuries a painful, challenging process, often leading to secondary tendon ruptures. New research reveals the existence of tendon stem cells that could potentially be harnessed to improve tendon healing and even to avoid surgery.
Both obesity and smoking can have negative effects on bone health. A recent study led by a team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) examined whether they also impact healing in patients who have undergone surgery for fractures of the wrist, or the distal radius, which are among the most common bone fractures.