Researchers from the University of Tsukuba found significant differences in the clinical presentation of non-obese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) based on their sex and body mass index. They found that non-obese NAFLD patients had lower muscle mass and strength (pre-sarcopenia) compared to obese NAFLD patients. Further, fat accumulation in muscles was more common among women. These findings help us understand the clinical presentation of NAFLD.
More than 30 years after the last guidance on the clinical evaluation of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), the American Thoracic Society - in collaboration with the Asociación Latinoamericana de Tórax or ALAT and the Japanese Respiratory Society- has developed new guidelines for clinicians. The guidelines are available online ahead of print in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Sarecycline, a drug approved for use in the United States in 2018, is the first new antibiotic approved to treat acne in more than 40 years. Now, researchers at Yale and the University of Illinois-Chicago have discovered how its unique chemical structure makes it effective.
This study uses 2018 data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study to assess how common it is for older adults in the United States to be unprepared to access video or telephone telemedicine because of disability or inexperience with technology.
Changes in emergency department visits and hospitalizations as the COVID-19 pandemic intensified in the U.S. are examined in this observational study that included 24 emergency departments in five health care systems in Colorado, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York and North Carolina.
An exploratory analysis of data from the CANTOS (Canakinumab Anti-inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study) randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial found that patients receiving interleukin-1β (IL-1β) inhibitors had significantly lower rates of total hip or total knee replacements over an average follow up of 3.7 years. These findings are important, as no treatments currently exist that can either prevent or slow progression of osteoarthritis. The study is published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
A team of LSU Health New Orleans pathologists published what is believed to be the first case report on pathologic findings of vasculitis of the small vessels of the heart, which likely represents multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS).
Researchers review evidence on the risks of aerosolization and transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from patients to health care workers during endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract.
Women receiving standard treatment in New York City for ovarian, uterine, and cervical cancers are not at increased risk of being hospitalized for or dying from COVID-19 due to their cancer, a new study shows.
1. Cardiac Endotheliitis and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome After COVID-19 ; 2. Body Mass Index and Risk for Intubation or Death in SARS-CoV-2 Infection