A large cohort study found no association between maternal H1N1 vaccination during pregnancy and risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children. Furthermore, no association was found for vaccine exposure in the first trimester and ASD or the secondary outcome, autistic disorder (AD). The findings are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
According to a linguist from RUDN University, the number of COVID-19 cases in a country might be related to the existence of aspirated consonants in its main language of communication. This data can help create more accurate models to describe the spread of COVID-19. The results of the study were published in the Medical Hypotheses journal.
Author suggests a gradated Pandemic Index as an initial effort.
Identifying biomarkers for kidney disease progression may elucidate disease pathways and inform treatment. In a study of 3,379 adults with kidney disease followed for 12 years (47% with diabetes), elevated levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, a cardiac biomarker, were strongly associated with kidney disease progression; associations were stronger than those with systolic blood pressure ?140 mmHg, regardless of heart failure status. These findings highlight the potential role of cardiac disease in kidney disease progression.
N95 respirators, which are widely worn by health care workers treating patients with COVID-19 and are designed to be used only once, can be decontaminated effectively and used up to three times, UCLA scientists and colleagues report.
The Complexity Science Hub Vienna (CSH) compiled a dataset in unprecedented granularity of governmental interventions against the spread of coronavirus. The CSH COVID-19 Control Strategies List CCCSL provides information on 6,068 interventions in 56 countries: 33 European, 12 Asian, 5 South American, 2 North American, 3 African, 1 Oceanian + the cruise ship Diamond Princess. For the US, data were collected at state level for 24 states.
Study of more than 1,200 children analyses body mass index trajectories from birth to age four years and their relationship to lung function at age seven years
A new study led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, finds that people who have antibodies to the mosquito-borne Zika virus are more vulnerable to developing dengue disease. This immune interaction, called antibody-dependent enhancement, could complicate the search for a safe and effective vaccine that protects against Zika without also increasing the risk of dengue.
Prior Zika virus infection can enhance the risk of severe dengue disease, according to a new study, which uses a unique cohort from Nicaragua to confirm previous reports that have suggested the action of cross-reactive antibodies between the two closely related flaviviruses.
A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine identifies emerging patterns in the rate of and age at premature death from alcoholic (alcohol-associated) liver disease (ALD) in the US over the last two decades. Significantly, the study documents that since the early 2000s, ALD death rates among non-Hispanic whites, particularly women, have increased more rapidly than rates among non-Hispanic blacks.