Cases of cancer and hypertension are much higher among Inuit living in and around Ottawa than for the general population of Canada's capital city. This is according to a study co-led by Janet Smylie of St. Michael's Hospital and the University of Toronto in Canada and published in the Springer-branded Canadian Journal of Public Health.
Male chimps that are less aggressive and form strong social bonds tend to live longer, research suggests.
The largest ever genetic analysis of over one million people has identified 535 new genes associated with high blood pressure. Scientists examined around 7 million common genetic variants for an association with systolic and diastolic blood pressure as well as pulse pressure. There is also a genetic overlap between hypertension and lifestyle exposures, with many blood pressure genes also associated with, for example, an individual's intake of fruit, water, tea, caffeine, alcohol and salt.
A recently-approved breast cancer drug could be used to target and treat a life-threatening leukaemia, new research has revealed.
People at high risk of a heart attack in adulthood could be spotted much earlier in life with a one-off DNA test. An international team of scientists has developed a powerful scoring system which can identify people who are at risk of developing coronary heart disease prematurely because of their genetics.
For decades, scientists have been trying to develop a vaccine that prevents mosquitoes from spreading malaria among humans. This unique approach -- in which immunized humans transfer anti-malarial proteins to mosquitoes when bitten -- is called a transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV). A new biotech advancement moves us closer to this goal. If successful, it could help reduce the spread of the disease, which kills more than 400,000 people annually.
Adolescents who don't identify as heterosexual appear to have a greater risk of attempted suicide.
Yale researchers have identified factors that may contribute to widening cancer death disparities among counties across the United States. These factors, which include both socioeconomic and behavioral traits, may provide public health experts with specific targets for potentially reducing cancer disparities, the researchers said.
Terminally-ill homeless adults and their care providers must surmount many obstacles in the receipt and provision of palliative care, according to a University of Toronto scoping review of the available grey and peer-reviewed literature on this topic, published online this week in OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying.
First suicide attempts are more lethal than previously realized, reports a study of children and adolescents published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP).